Британские традиции и праздники

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Municipal comprehensive secondary school № 9 Comparison of British and Russian Holidays and Traditions Section : English language Made by : Kseniya Kalinina 7 “A” class Irina Vladimirova 8 “B” class Secondary school № 9 Tutor : Lyubov V. Aktuganova English teacher – I qualification Volzhsk 2011 Comparison of British and Russian Holidays and Traditions Why is it important not only to study language, but to study culture too? What british traditions and customs do we know? What is the attitude of the British to their culture and traditions? What similarities and differences of British and Russian cultures do we know? The aim and purpose of research - to learn and find out more about traditions and British holidays. - to demonstrate what holidays and traditions Russia and the UK countries have in common and what are the differences between them Hypotheses If I know English language I will understand the british without difficulties. It is not enough to know only English I have to study culture too. Questionnaire What are the most important Russian holidays celebrated in your family?Christmas and Easter – 45%New Year, May 9, March 8 – 55%What traditions do you follow while celebrating these holidays?Put up a Christmas tree – 95%Dye eggs – 80%Go to church – 30%What British holidays can you name?St. Valentine’s Day, Halloween, ChristmasDo you celebrate any British holidays at home?Yes – 35%No – 65%What traditional Russian holidays do you know or celebrate?None – 15%Maslenitsa – 60%Spas, Krasnaya Gorka, Troitsa – 25%Do you think it is good to celebrate holidays of other nations?Yes – 40%No – 60%Why do you think many old Russian holidays were forgotten?I do not know – 50%Communist ideology banned many religious and traditional pagan holidays – 50%Do you celebrate both official and religious holidays?Yes – 75%No, only official – 25%, The methods of investigations Studying of regional geography books, and information from the InternetComparison of british and russian culturesAnalysis of the resultsConclusion-answer to the question “Why it is not enough to know only language for understanding the foreigner?» Christmas It is celebrated on December 25 in Great Britain. In Russia Orthodox Christmas is celebrated 13 days after the Catholic one, on January 7, Boxing Day December 26th Receiving and giving Christmas cards and boxes New Year New Year's Day is less popular in Britain in contrast to Russia, where New Year's Day is the first holiday of the year People stay awake until after midnight on December 31st to watch the Old Year out and the New Year in Many people go to the Red Square to hear the President’s congratulations. In Great Britain the Queen congratulate her people on Christmas Day instead of the New Year’s Day. Kolyadki Carols President’s speech on New Year’s Day Queen’s speech on Christams Day New Year’s tree Christmas tree Ded Moroz with Snegurochka Santa Claus with Rudolph Presents are on January 1 Presents are on December 25 Christmas is on December 7 Christmas is on December 25 New Year is the most important holiday Christmas is the most important holiday Russia The UK Christmas and New Year in Russia and Great Britain: Easter has no fixed date. It is held in March, April or May On eve of Easter people bake Easter cakes (kulichi), cook so called Paskha) and dye eggs. Easter Similar holidays Pancake Day or Maslenitsa in Russia Celebration for a week instead of a day Pancake day or Shrove Tuesday in Britain Pancake races with a frying pan in one hand May Day or May 1 The holiday of Spring and Labour Time of love and romance International Workers' Day Maypole Dancing in Britain Traditional British holidays Traditional Russian holidays January 19- Epiphany June 24- Ivan Kupalo’s Day

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