Steps to understanding Culture


Steps to understanding Culture
Objectives:
to develop students’ ability to communicate effectively on the topic;
to develop thinking skills such as problem solving;
to teach students to express their point of view;
to develop students’ social and interpersonal skills;
to develop students’ skills of unprepared speech (in pairs and groups).
Materials and equipment: worksheets, a computer, projector, interactive whiteboard.
Level: Intermediate.
Procedure
I. Greetings. Introduction to the topic.
Teacher: Good morning, boys and girls! I’m glad to see you all here.  
Warming – up:
In the modern world people are judged not only by what they do but how they do it. Life in the society is impossible without everyday contacts and meetings, so all relationships depend on the way people behave and treat each other. Human relations and communication skills are important. That’s why along with education, people should develop cultural issues. But what is Culture? We’ll try to answer the question at the end of the lesson. This is the aim of our lesson today.
Step 1. Definition of culture
To give the definition of culture we will watch a video “What is Culture?”
After watching it pupils answer questions:
What is culture?
What national cultures are mentioned in the video? (Western, Eastern, Latin, Mexican, Middle-Eastern, African)
Teacher: So, can we say that culture is the human made part of human environment and is the sum of total knowledge beliefs, arts, morals, laws, customs and other capabilities and habits acquired by humans as members of a society. Slide “Definition of culture” - picture
Step 2. Importance of Culture
Teacher: But why is culture so important for us?
Possible answers:
Through culture we understand what is acceptable and what is not
It helps to estimate our actions
Teaches us rules of behavior
It shapes our personality
It helps to socialize
Creates a feeling of belonging and togetherness
Helps civilization to survive
Step 3. Elements/parts/aspects of Culture
Teacher: as we can see, culture of a community or nation includes all the arts, beliefs and social institutions characteristic of a community or nation. What aspects or parts of culture can you name?
Possible answers:
Literature and Music
Values and Beliefs
Customs and Traditions
Museums and Picture Galleries
Theatre and Cinema
Patterns of BehaviourThe Language We Speak
Morals and Beliefs
Rules and Laws in Community
Fashion (the clothes we wear)
Cuisine (what and how we eat)
Step 4. Art
Teacher: We can speak about either material, or spiritual culture. Art is both.
Art has been a part of our life for as long as humanity has existed. For thousands of years people have been creating, looking at, criticizing, and enjoying art. That’s why there are so many proverbs and sayings about art.
Slide “Proverbs”
I would like to ask you three questions: what is art, what is its purpose, and why has it survived for so long. Question 1. What is art? What kinds of arts do you know?
Possible answers: 
Performing Arts
Dance
Music
Opera
Theatre
CircusVisual / Fine Arts.
Painting
Drawing
Sculpture
Clay modelling
Photography
Question 2. What is art’s purpose. (Importance of Art in our life)
Possible answers: 
Entertains us
Reflects feelings and emotions
Shapes our personality
Educates / teaches
Makes us better
Question 3. Why has art survived for so long?
Possible answers:
Brings delight and admiration
Wakens our best hidden qualities
Teaches values and morals
Teacher: what individual and universal values, morals does art teach us?
Possible answers:Values, Morals
Individual
•Honesty
•Kindness
•Bravery
•A sense of beauty
•Honesty
•Honour•Generosity
•Devotion Universal
•Freedom
•Friendship
•Love
•Peace
•Truth
•Justice
•Mercy
•Equality
High moral principles
Teacher. Why do you think, individual values are so important?
Possible answers:
I think individual values are important as “When there is peace in the individual, there will be peace in the family and in the community”.
Step 5. Visiting Museums and Galleries
Watch the video called “Most famous paintings in the World”. Do the task. (cards)
Task 1.
Say if the sentences are true, false or not stated.
“Mona Lisa” by Leonardo da Vinci is the most famous painting in the world.
“The Last Supper” by Leonardo da Vinci covers the back wall of the dining hall at Santa Maria delle Grazie monastery in Milan, Italy.
“The Creation Of Adam” is a fresco painting by Michelangelo.
“Starry Night” by Vincent van Gogh is part of the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York.
“The Scream” by Edvard Munch is a scary painting painted on a canvas.
“The Persistence Of Memory” (Постоянство памяти) belongs to the brush of Spanish artist Salvador Dali.
“Girl With A Pearl Earring” by Johannes Vermeer is called “the Dutch Mona Lisa” because of her enigmatic expression coupled with the mystery of her identity.
“The Night Watch” (Ночной дозор) by Rembrandt van Rijn depicts a city guard.
“Self-Portrait Without Beard” by Vincent van Gogh was given by him to his father as a birthday present.
“Guernica” by Pablo Picasso depicts the bombing of the Spanish town of Guernica.
Matching exercises
Task 2.
Paintings Artists
“Mona Lisa”
“The Last Supper”
“The Creation of Adam
“Starry Night”
“The Scream”
Video “The scream”
“The Persistence Of Memory”
“Girl With A Pearl Earring”
“The Night Watch”
“Self-Portrait Without Beard”
“Guernica”
Video “Guernica” Leonardo da Vinci
Michelangelo
Salvador Dali.
Vincent van Gogh
Pablo Picasso
Vincent van Gogh
Johannes Vermeer
Rembrandt van Rijn
Edvard Munch
The answers: ____________________________________________________________________
Song “Starry, Starry Night”
Task 3.
Match the items on the right to the items on the left.
It is the most famous painting in the world. This world-famous painting is not shown in a museumIs located on a ceiling
Is painted by Dutch artist
This is a frightening painting
This work of art is known to make people ponder on their way of life.
Mona Lisa of the North
It is a group portrait of a militia company.
It depicts the painter without a beard.
It is inspired by the bombing of the Spanish town
“Mona Lisa”
“The Last Supper”
“Girl With A Pearl Earring”
“The Night Watch”
“Self-Portrait Without Beard”
“Guernica”
“The Creation of Adam
“Starry Night”
“The Scream”
“The Persistence of Memory”
The answers: ____________________________________________________________________
Начало формы
Конец формы
Read the texts and fill in the table (pair work)
Painting
Painter Where is displayed When was painted
Mona Lisa The Last Supper The Creation of Adam Starry Night The Scream The Persistence of Memory Girl with a Pearl Earring The Night Watch Self-Portrait Without Beard Guernica Possible answer
Painting
Painter Where is displayed When was painted
Mona Lisa Leonardo da Vinci Louvre museum in Paris, 1503-1519
The Last Supper Leonardo da Vinci Santa Maria delle Grazie monastery in Milan Late 15th century
The Creation of Adam Michelangelo The Sistine Chapel in Vatican City, Rome.
1508-1512
Starry Night Vincent van Gogh Museum of Modern Art in New York
1889
The Scream Edvard Munch The National Gallery, Oslo, Norway 1893
The Persistence of Memory Salvador Dali Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York City, 1931
Girl with a Pearl Earring Johannes Vermeer Mauritshuis Gallery in the Hague, the Netherlands 1665
The Night Watch Rembrandt van Rijn Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam 1642
Self-Portrait Without Beard Vincent van Gogh Part of private collection Guernica Pablo Picasso Museo Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain 1937
Step 5. Visiting Museums / Galleries
Teacher. Do you agree that nothing can be fun than visiting museums and galleries? What famous museums and galleries do you know?
Possible answers:
Pupils tell about some famous museums and galleries (homework checking)
The Hermitage, Tretyakov Gallery, National Gallery of London, Louvre…
Teacher. Look at the board, what are your ideas of this quote:
“Culture is what makes you a stranger when you are away from home”.
Pupils give their possible answers.
Conclusion
Beauty will save the world
Art is long, life is short.
Homework
Comment on one of these statements.
Nowadays young people are not interested in art
Nothing can be fun than visiting museums and galleries
Human values change in time
There exist universal values that are important for everybody
Write 200-250 words. Use the following plan:
Make an introduction to state the problem
Express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
Express an opposing opinion give1-2 reasons for the opposing opinion
Explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
Make a conclusion restating your opinion

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