Входной контроль по английскому языку
1.Установите соответствие между заголовками 1–8 и текстами A–G. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
1. Back from the seas2. A museum of popular drinks
3. Magic as attraction4. One tool museum 5. Not a bank but …
6. Still moving along7. A brand new shore museum
8. To play any tuneA. The Salem Witch Museum brings you back to Salem of 1692 for a dramatic overview of the Witch Trials, including stage sets with life-size figures, lighting and a narration. There is also a possibility to go on a candlelight tour to four selected homes. The museum is open all year round and closed on Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Year’s Day. Salem is also famous for its Haunted Happenings, a 24-day Halloween festival.
B. The Discover Sea Shipwreck Museum opened its doors in 1995, and has one of the largest collections of shipwreck and recovered artifacts in the Mid-Atlantic. It contains about 10,000 artifacts from local and worldwide locations, including an intact blown-glass hourglass from a 200-year-old shipwreck, which is also the world's deepest wooden wreck at the heart of the Bermuda Triangle.
C. The Seashore Trolley Museum is the oldest and largest electric railway museum in the world. It was founded in 1939 with one open trolley car, No. 31 from the Biddeford & Saco Railroad Company. The Seashore Trolley Museum contains over 250 transit vehicles, mostly trolleys, from the United States, Canada and abroad. Visitors can even take a trip along the Maine countryside aboard a restored early-1900s electric streetcar.
D. American Hop Museum is dedicated to the brewing industry and located in the heart of the Yakima Valley's hop fields, which gather the best harvest for producing beer. It chronicles the American hop industry from the New England colonies to its expansion into Californiaand the Pacific Northwest, and includes historical equipment, photos and artifacts that pay tribute to hop, the everlasting vine that is still an integral part of the brewing industry.
E. The Money Museum in Colorado Springs is America's largest museum dedicated to numismatics (the study of collecting coins and metals). The collection contains over 250,000 items from the earliest invention of money to modern day, with items including paper money, coins, tokens, medals, and traditional money from all over the world. Highlights include the 1804 dollar, the 1913 V Nickel, the 1866 no motto series, a comprehensive collection of American gold coins, and experimental pattern coins and paper money.
F. The Kenneth G. Fiske Museum of Musical Instruments in California has one of the most diverse collections of musical instruments in theUnited States. This museum is home to over 1,400 American, European and ethnic instruments from the 17th–20th centuries. Selections from all parts of the world also include keyboards, brass, woodwind, stringed, percussion, mechanical and electronic instruments. Other highlights are rare pieces from the violin and viola families, reed organs and instruments from the Orient and Tibet.
G. The Hammer Museum in Alaska is the world’s first museum dedicated to hammers. The Museum provides a view of the past through the use of man’s first tool. You will find over 1500 hammers on display, ranging from ancient times to the present. The museum does not have any paid staff, and it is run by volunteers. This quaint and quirky museum is an interesting and informative stop for the whole family.
A B C D E F G
2. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текстов.
He didn’t need advice
Once Mozart was approached by a young man, who was interested in Mozart’s advice on how to compose a symphony. Since he was still very young, Mozart recommended that he should start by 8________WRITE__________ballads. 9_________SURPRISE_________, the young man responded, “But you wrote symphonies when you were only ten years old.” “But I 10_________NOT HAVE_________ to ask,” countered Mozart.
Why a zigzag?
Have you ever noticed that when we climb hills we create zigzags? We don’t go straight ahead but go in zigzags. It can mean walking 20 times as far, and still a zigzag is 11________FAST__________ than the shortest distance between two points.Researchers developed a mathematical model 12________SHOW__________ that a zigzag provides the most efficient way for humans to go up or down steep slopes.They explain that zig-zagging 13________REQUIRE__________ less effort.
Pronunciation is important
Some learners of English think that pronunciation is not very important. That is 14___ABSOLUTE_______ wrong. Even if you have an acceptable grasp of the English language, with good grammar and an 15___EXTEND_______ vocabulary, native English speakers may find you very difficult to understand you if you don't work on your pronunciation. Correct, clear pronunciation is 16______ESSENCE______ if you really want to improve your level of English. Pay particular attention to any sounds that you are 17___FAMILIAR____ with or that do not exist in your native tongue. For example, 18___RUSSIA______ have difficulty pronouncing the “th” sound, as it does not exist in their native language. Remember that the pronunciation of certain English words varies depending on the part of the world it's spoken in. For example, American English differs 19____GREAT_______ from British English.
3. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Jane who writes:
…Last weekend was my mom’s anniversary and we had a family gathering. We entertained more than 25 people and lived on leftovers for 2 days after the event. What do you usually cook for special occasions? How often do you entertain people in your family? Do you normally celebrate your family holidays at home, or go to a café or to a club? Why?
Oh, before I forget, my middle brother won our school tennis tournament…
Write a letter to Jane. In your letter
- answer her questions
- ask 3 questions about her middle brother
Write 100–140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.