Организация образовательной деятельности в условиях присутствия в классе детей с особыми образовательными потребностями


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Организация образовательной деятельности в условиях присутствия в классе детей с особыми образовательными потребностями.Авторы: Дзикун Т.А.Колина С.П. Инклюзивное образование — это обеспечение равного доступа к образованию для всех обучающихся с учетом разнообразия особых образовательных потребностей и индивидуальных возможностей [Федеральный закон «Об образовании в Российской Федерации», 2012, ст. 2]; Одаренные дети отличаются тем, что хотят добиваться успехов в учебе и приобретать знания, не воспринимая это как насилие над собой, способны к самостоятельным действиям благодаря приобретенным ранее умственным навыкам. Наиболее эффективный метод взаимодействия с одаренным ребенком – индивидуальные занятия с акцентом на его самостоятельную работу с материалом. Одаренные дети Внеурочная работа Помощники учителя Индивидуальная работа ИКТ технологии,дистанционное обучение упражнения, научно-исследовательского характера. Дети с ограниченными возможностями здоровья – это дети, состояние здоровья которых препятствует освоению образовательных программ вне специальных условий обучения и воспитания. Учитель на уроке Создаетблагоприятную атмосферу Оказывает помощь, организуетработу консультантов Изменяет формы и методы учебной работы Ориентирует детей на общечеловеческие ценности - создает атмосферу особой доброжелательности при опросе;- снижает темп опроса, разрешает дольше готовиться у доски;- предлагает учащимся примерный план ответа;- разрешает пользоваться наглядными пособиями, помогающими излагать суть явления;- стимулирует оценкой, подбадриванием, похвалой. - чаще обращается к ученикам с вопросами, выясняющими степень понимания ими учебного материала;- привлекает их в качестве помощников при подготовке наглядности, оформлении доски и т.д;- привлекает к высказыванию предложений при проблемном обучении, к выводам и обобщениям или объяснению сути проблемы, высказанной сильным учеником. - выбирает наиболее рациональную систему упражнений, а не механическое увеличивает их число;- более подробно объясняет последовательность выполнения задания;- предупреждает о возможных затруднениях, использует карточки-консультации, карточки с направляющим планом действий;- дает ссылки на аналогичное задание, выполненное ранее.- инструктирует о рациональных путях выполнения заданий, требованиях к их оформлению. - разбивает задания на дозы, этапы;- указывает на необходимость актуализировать то или иное правило;- стимулирует самостоятельные действия учащихся;- более тщательно контролирует их деятельность, проверяет и исправляет ошибки. 8 класс“FORWARD” We both belong to a rock band. Paddy is the drummer. Listen! He is playing the drums now. We are doing really well these days – we are getting quite popular.I come from Ireland and my wife is English – I think Paddy is very proud to have some Irish blood in him!I’m really proud of Patrick. He comes home to visit us quite often. In fact, he is staying here at the moment because it’s Christmas holidays.It’s funny, we never call him Patrick. He is just Paddy to us. Unfortunately, I don’t see him very much now, but we often email each other. We are really interested in football.Paddy’s 5 years older than me. He hates the music I listen to and he doesn’t like my friends, but he is OK.He is studying at London University. I love him, but he is very busy. He belongs to lots of different clubs and he is always late. Sister Mother Father Girlfriend Friend Band member 1. Paddy is 4. He is English 18 French 20 Spanish 21 2. Paddy has got 5. Paddy is a sister a drummer a brother a pianist 2 sisters a guitarist 3. Paddy studies at Oxford University London University Cambridge University Patrick is the English. He is 20. He studies at London University. Patrick is a drummer. He has got a sister. To start with, Patrick is a student of London University. He is the English, but there is some Irish blood in him. His family lives in Brighton, he has got a sister. Patrick is a drummer of a music band “The Starters”. Unfortunately, he is not punctual and a bit lazy. But Patrick is cheerful and talkative. He supports Arsenal team and belongs to the Irish club. Oh, I’ve forgotten, Patrick is studying law in the University. To sum up, he is an ordinary British student. Has Britain got an identity crisis?A. To the rest of the world, people from the UK are British. But it’s surprising to learn that only 31 percent of people in the UK say they are just British. In fact, nearly half the population say their nationality is something else — English, Scottish, Welsh, Irish or perhaps Vietnamese, Indian or Somali. Some people, about 16 percent, even say that they have two nationalities: they are British, but also Scottish or Chinese. There are hundreds of possibilities! Are we confused? Is it a problem? В No, it doesn’t seem to be. Britain is changing all the time and we are not just tolerant of differences — we are proud of them. We enjoy the diversity that multiculturalism gives us. The ethnic groups that exist in the UK bring with them at least six major religions, including Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Judaism. Each community contributes its own culture and language. Britain still has two official languages; English and Welsh, but we speak many more — approximately 150 in fact — from Mandarin Chinese to Urdu. Many of us are even bilingual. С And then there’s the fun stuff that cultural diversity brings, in music, food and the arts. The days of fish and chips are behind us, as a walk around the capital shows. Almost every district has Lebanese, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese restaurants. Thousands of Londoners visit the Notting Hill Carnival every year to dance to steel bands, reggae, soca, calypso and jazz. Our cinemas show films from India and South America and thousands of people fill our pubs and clubs to listen to everything from Irish dance bands to African hip-hop. Welcome to New Britain: a confident, tolerant country which is proud of its many cultures. Russia and the RussiansRussia is one of the world’s largest countries. Living in Russia makes one a Russian citizen, but not all Russian citizens are ethnic Russians. There are about 180 different ethnic groups living in Russia. In the 2010 census 80.9 percent of the population that disclosed their ethnicity (111,016,896 people) are ethnically Russian. The next largest groups are Tatars (3.8 percent), Ukrainians (1.4 percent), Bashkirs (1.15 percent), Chuvash (1.05 percent), Chechens (1.04 percent), Armenians (0.86 percent) and Belarussians (0.38 percent). In the Russian language, there are two different words, one for all Russian citizens, whatever their ethnicity is — ‘rossiyane’ and the other for ethnic Russians — ‘russkiye’. However, the word ‘rossiyane’ has no equivalent in English and all Russian citizens, regardless of ethnicity, are called ‘Russians’ in English speaking countries. Has Britain got an identity crisis?A. To the rest of the world, people from the UK are British. But it’s surprising to learn that only 31 percent of people in the UK say they are just British. In fact, nearly half the population say their nationality is something else — English, Scottish, Welsh, Irish or perhaps Vietnamese, Indian or Somali. Some people, about 16 percent, even say that they have two nationalities: they are British, but also Scottish or Chinese. There are hundreds of possibilities! Are we confused? Is it a problem? В No, it doesn’t seem to be. Britain is changing all the time and we are not just tolerant of differences — we are proud of them. We enjoy the diversity that multiculturalism gives us. The ethnic groups that exist in the UK bring with them at least six major religions, including Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Judaism. Each community contributes its own culture and language. Britain still has two official languages; English and Welsh, but we speak many more — approximately 150 in fact — from Mandarin Chinese to Urdu. Many of us are even bilingual. С And then there’s the fun stuff that cultural diversity brings, in music, food and the arts. The days of fish and chips are behind us, as a walk around the capital shows. Almost every district has Lebanese, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese restaurants. Thousands of Londoners visit the Notting Hill Carnival every year to dance to steel bands, reggae, soca, calypso and jazz. Our cinemas show films from India and South America and thousands of people fill our pubs and clubs to listen to everything from Irish dance bands to African hip-hop. Welcome to New Britain: a confident, tolerant country which is proud of its many cultures. Is Britain changing all the time? Do the British enjoy the diversity that multiculturalism gives them? How many languages do they speak? Your name Your nationality Your family Where you live How well you know English Your hobbies, interests, sports personality My name……I am…….I live……My family consists of……My English……My hobby…..I am interested in….As for sports, I like….As for my character, I am…. Do you miss your school? Did you like your teachers? Were your classmates friendly? When did our school start its work? Were there any clubs and sections at your disposal? Are you late for the classes? Do you like our teachers? Did your mother study at our school? Is our school far from your house? Do you go to school on foot? I would like to compare 2 pictures.In the first picture we can see …...The action takes place……….In the second picture there is ……..It is happening…… .Both these photos have ………. in common.There are also the differences between these pictures.The most important difference is …….Moreover, I would like (to be in the first situation, to take part in the second action)I prefer ……-ing.That is all I want to say about it. Look! I would like to show this photo to you.This photo…………..……………………..(Who?)…….is/are in this picture. The boy/the man……greedy/angry, because……………….They…………….quarrel to…………He……always…………in such situations.They are/He is……….right now.By the way, the atmosphere of this photo is….(unpleasant, typical for…..) Electronic assistant: Do you have good manners? Pupil:__________________________ Electronic assistant: Are you always ready to help? Pupil:____________________________________ Electronic assistant: Do you worry without good reason? Pupil:____________________________________ Electronic assistant: Are you good at planning and arranging things? Pupil:_____________________________________ Electronic assistant: You are easy-going, are not you? Pupil:______________________________________ Спасибо за внимание.

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